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Varicose Vein Removal

For those of you struggling with varicose veins, we have prepared a wealth of information about the causes of their formation as well as treatment methods. Thanks to our range of aesthetic medicine treatments, you can take action to combat this problem.

PHLEBOLOGY – Vein Surgery

Peripheral vascular diseases remain an important social issue. The significance of this problem is evidenced by the fact that every second person in industrialized countries suffers from atherosclerosis, arterial clots and embolisms, venous thrombosis, chronic venous insufficiency of the lower limbs, and varicose veins.

In Poland, as well as worldwide, it is estimated that about 20% of all diseases are vascular in origin, and vascular problems are more common than cancers. Both genetic factors (i.e., the disease being passed from generation to generation) and lifestyle conditions contribute to the prevalence of this issue. The increase in venous diseases is inextricably linked to the conditions of modern civilization.

Epidemiological studies show that in Poland, symptoms of venous insufficiency occur very frequently, affecting 47% of women and 37% of men, meaning that 42% of all Poles are affected. This is a tremendous social problem considering that 60% of this afflicted population is still not seeking treatment. Since ancient times, the most commonly treated venous diseases were VARICOSE VEINS and their complications. The oldest description of varicose veins of the lower limbs is found in ancient Egyptian papyrus.

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are permanent, organic dilations of superficial veins, appearing as tortuous cords, meshes, or clumps, often with balloon-like protrusions. They are soft, painless, and the degree of their fullness depends on the position of the limbs. Varicose veins form due to an imbalance between the blood pressure in the vein and the strength of its wall. The most common factor causing increased pressure in the veins of the lower limbs is venous valve insufficiency. Varicose veins usually occur unilaterally and most often affect the great saphenous vein, the small saphenous vein, or both, including their main trunks and tributaries.

Types of changes:

Dilated vessels, also known as venulectasias, are a sign that a patient has a vascular issue. They most commonly appear on the thighs, the knee area, the shins, and around the ankle. These vessels, which are either blue or red, look like a "fan." Nowadays, most problems related to venous diseases of the lower limbs are termed as – chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). Symptoms associated with venous insufficiency develop slowly but are not symptom-free, and they should not be trivialized, as untreated CVI often leads to leg ulcers.

Reflux, or the Backflow of Blood, as the Cause of Varicose Veins

In a standing position, venous blood in the legs flows from the feet upwards – towards the heart, thanks to:

When these mechanisms fail, blood flows backward. Doctors call this phenomenon reflux. The blood pressure in the veins increases. The venous vessels are connected, and the excess blood finds its way into other veins. Over time, "spider veins" or varicose veins develop.

Types of varicose veins:

Taking into account predisposing factors, primary varicose veins occur with the normal condition of deep veins, and secondary ones are a complication of the failure of deep veins or penetrating arteriovenous fistulas.

Symptoms of this disease:

Women are affected 3-5 times more often than men. In the early stages, varicose veins do not cause any symptoms, and patients consult a doctor only for "cosmetic" reasons. Venous insufficiency often manifests itself with minor complaints. Therefore, people tend to ignore them, do not tell their doctor, or assume they are "normal" symptoms related to fatigue. The first symptom is usually a feeling of discomfort or heaviness in the limbs, occurring after prolonged standing. As the varicose veins enlarge and circulation disorders worsen, pain appears, described as dull or burning, intensifying after prolonged standing and in women before and during menstruation. Later, there are sensations of burning, throbbing, limb fatigue, as well as cramps in the feet and calves. There are also edemas, initially appearing in the evening, located on the feet and around the ankles. Later, the edema extends to the lower leg and does not go away even when resting. Varicose veins appearing during pregnancy cause more symptoms than those outside of pregnancy. In the pathogenesis of varicose veins in pregnant women, the increased volume of circulating blood and mechanical hindrance to blood outflow from the lower extremities play a certain role. The hereditary occurrence of varicose veins is proven, but the mode of inheritance has not yet been determined.

Symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency:


In many cases, varicose veins do not cause any complications. Sometimes, however, they can be the cause of inflammatory conditions – painless hardening and redness of the skin appear along their course. This leads to vein inflammation or closure of the vein by a blood clot (thrombosis). The detachment of such a clot and its movement along with the blood can cause very serious consequences. In chronic conditions, the skin color of the calves changes to brown due to abnormal blood circulation. Over time, itching, eruptions, and even cracks appear on the damaged skin covering the varicose veins – an open wound forms on the leg. For these reasons, varicose veins should be examined and appropriately treated as soon as possible.

When should you consult a doctor?

Predispositions and Causes of Varicose Veins:

Stages of Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI):

How we diagnose and treat different stages of CVI:

1. Invisible and unfelt changes

How do we diagnose?

Based on subjective symptoms:

A family history is important: the occurrence of varicose veins in parents, grandparents, siblings, especially on the female side.

Treatment of varicose veins:

2. Teleangiectasia and Reticular Veins

In addition to symptom-free stage signs, small dilated venous vessels with a small diameter appear in the skin.

Teleangiectasia (venulectasia)

Reticular veins


3. Varicose Veins

Varicose veins usually occur unilaterally and affect the great saphenous vein (vena saphena magna – in about 30% of cases this vein has a double trunk), the small saphenous vein (vena saphena parva) or both at the same time, and this applies to both main trunks and their tributaries. Around their junction with the deep system, so-called ostial varicose veins may occur.

Other varicose veins:

It's important to remember that the cause of varicose veins is not only the insufficiency of the main venous trunks and their junctions to the deep system but also the insufficiency of the valves in the deep veins.


4. Edema without skin changes

Varicose veins are accompanied by mild or moderately severe edema, which may be unilateral or bilateral. A characteristic feature is their increase during the day and decrease, or even complete disappearance, at night. They diminish during exercise, compression therapy, and the use of phlebotropic drugs.

It's crucial to differentiate edema as many systemic and local pathologies can cause edema, such as:


5. Trophic skin changes

Progression of chronic venous insufficiency, in addition to the symptoms mentioned in the other 4 stages of the disease, leads to ischemic skin changes caused by blood stagnation, i.e., poorer blood supply. The skin becomes thin, and brown discolorations appear in the ankle area, along with eczema that may become infected; lipid and skin hardenings also appear.


6. Skin changes with healed ulceration

The progression of skin ischemia from trophic skin changes can easily lead, even with minor trauma, to the formation of very difficult-to-heal ulcers in the ankle area. Due to impaired blood supply and infection of the ulcer, its healing poses a significant problem.


7. Active trophic skin changes and ulceration

Active venous ulceration is associated with:


Treatment of Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Untreated chronic venous insufficiency can lead to very dangerous, even life-threatening complications, such as thromboembolic disease, which in most cases is asymptomatic. The first symptom can be a pulmonary artery embolism, and if it is massive, it can be fatal. Another very troublesome complication is hard-to-heal trophic ulcers on the lower legs. This all means that you should not underestimate "seemingly insignificant" varicose veins. Chronic venous disease can be treated either surgically or conservatively. About 20% of patients qualify for surgical treatment. The remaining 80% require conservative treatment.

Treatment of Varicose Veins and CVI:

1. Compression Therapy

Compression therapy, or the use of special compression garments (stockings, socks, knee-highs), aims to slow down the development of varicose veins and to prevent the disease in predisposed individuals. Phlebotropic drugs must be combined with compression therapy for proper treatment outcomes.

2. Pharmacological Treatment

Conservative treatment won't remove varicose veins. Its aim is to alleviate symptoms and discomfort associated with varicose veins. The use of phlebotropic drugs and ointments alleviates symptoms of venous insufficiency. They reduce the feeling of heavy legs, cramps, and swelling. Medications containing diosmin or troxerutin enhance the elasticity and tension of the venous walls, aiding the return of blood from the veins to the heart. These drugs tighten the vessel walls, effectively reducing edema. The effectiveness of the drugs has been scientifically proven.

3. Sclerotherapy

This involves administering a special agent into diseased veins to destroy them, leading to their scarring and exclusion from the circulatory system. The medication is administered in liquid form or as a foam. Ultrasound is essential in sclerotherapy to identify diseased veins and monitor the drug administration process to ensure the sclerosing agent does not leak outside the vein. Leakage into the subcutaneous tissue can cause skin necrosis.

4. Surgical Treatment

Involves the surgical removal of diseased veins, the main trunk of the so-called saphenous vein, and visibly expanded varicose veins. Anesthesia is required.

5. Laser Removal of Varicose Veins:

Endovenous Laser Treatment (EVLT) is a method of treating venous insufficiency by irradiating the incompetent vein trunk using a laser fiber inserted into it. The released energy causes the vein to shrink and close, eliminating the need for its removal. This method avoids an incision in the groin and postoperative hematoma associated with conventional procedures.

Note: Custom-made compression garments are available at our varicose vein treatment center.


1. Physical Activity:

2. Clothing

Any clothing that constricts your body around the legs, hips, and waist is an additional obstacle to venous return. Ordinary knee-highs exert the most pressure just below the knee, so you should remove them from your wardrobe. Shaping tights too tightly constrict the hips and waist. Similarly, stockings and belts are harmful. You should prefer sporty clothing that does not restrict your muscles and does not tighten veins.

3. Footwear

Avoid improper footwear

4. Temperature

5. Medication

Scientific studies have shown the significant role of female sex hormones in the development of venous insufficiency. The use of hormonal agents has become widespread, for example in contraception, acne treatment, or relieving the effects of menopause. If you suffer from venous insufficiency or observe this condition in your family, you should consult a specialist before using such treatment. If you are already using such drugs, monitor the condition of your veins, and if symptoms of venous insufficiency worsen, report it to the doctor.

6. Rest


“Spider veins” or telangiectasia are the first sign that something bad is starting to happen with our veins. As soon as they appear, medical advice should be sought, as smaller "varicose veins" can develop into more dangerous varicose veins in the future.

Telangiectasias appear as enlarged and elongated small venous plexuses located intradermally and subdermally with a diameter of about 0.1-1mm. They can be red or blue in color. The typical area of their occurrence is the lateral surface of the thigh, the medial surface of the knee, and the area of the popliteal fossa. They often take the shape of a radial structure resembling a tree branch or have an undefined shape. The color of telangiectasia depends on the diameter of the enlarged vein: - larger enlargements (not exceeding a diameter of 1mm) are dark blue in color. They are often palpable, as the enlarged veins raise the epidermis. The most superficially located and thinnest changes form a very delicate, scarlet network. These changes are often the first visible symptom of insufficiency of the peroneal vein or the deep vein system. In addition, pain and swelling accompanying “spider veins” significantly worsen the quality of life of patients.

Types of telangiectasia:

Predispositions and causes of telangiectasia:

Methods of treating telangiectasia:

The procedure of laser removal of "spider veins" involves directing a concentrated beam of laser light onto the vessel located under the skin. The laser light passes through the skin, sealing the damaged blood vessel. Before the procedure, the efficiency of the valves at the entrances of the peroneal veins is assessed using a Doppler Ultrasound examination.

Skin care for dilated capillaries:

Our procedure related to the treatment of varicose veins:

Laser Varicose Vein Removal (EVLT)

LASER VARICOSE VEIN REMOVAL (EVLT) - endovenous laser therapy. Laser varicose vein surgery using the EVLT method (ang. EVLT – Endo Venous Laser Treatment) - endovenous laser therapy - replaces traditional surgical treatment (stripping). It was first applied in the USA in 2002 after FDA approval. Due to the procedure's minimally invasive nature, high effectiveness, and the patient's comfort during and after the surgery, this method has become the most popular form of minimally invasive varicose vein surgery. Treatment is available to any patient who has...


Laser Vessel Closure

LASER VESSEL CLOSURE (SPIDER VEINS) Small broken blood vessels, telangiectasias, venulectasias, and spider veins are often a serious aesthetic problem. By using appropriately selected energy and wavelength of the laser, it is possible to selectively close unsightly vessels without damaging the surrounding skin. The procedure at our center is performed with a neodymium-yag laser from Fotona Spectro SP with a wavelength of 1064nm. It is the deepest penetrating laser beam available on global markets, enabling the destruction of larger diameter vessels deeply hidden under the skin.


Liquid Sclerotherapy

LIQUID SCLEROTHERAPY – PHARMACOLOGICAL OBLITERATION Sclerotherapy is a treatment method for "simple" varicose veins and subcutaneous venous dilations - venulectasias, commonly known as spider veins. It involves the injection of an obliterating agent (e.g., Aetoxysklerol) into the lumen of the vessel to be removed. The drug is administered using very small ampoule syringes, and the injections are almost painless. The action of the injected drug is to induce a controlled inflammatory response of the vein wall. Proteins contained in the venous wall and blood proteins cause...


Foam Sclerotherapy

FOAM SCLEROTHERAPY - TESSARI'S OBLITERATION Foam sclerotherapy is the latest method for treating Chronic Venous Insufficiency. It involves injecting a specially prepared foam into the vein. This form of the drug acts three to four times more strongly than equivalent volumes and concentrations of these agents in liquid form. This greater force of action depends on several factors, such as increased effective active surface area acting on the vessel wall compared to the liquid form of the drug and the displacement of blood from the treated vessel, leading to prolonged contact...


Doppler Ultrasound - USG

DOPPLER ULTRASOUND Doppler ultrasound is a non-invasive (pain-free) examination of the vascular system – both arterial and venous. The test is performed to detect abnormalities in arterial or venous blood flow caused by venous insufficiency, thrombosis in the superficial or deep system, vessel structure anomalies, atherosclerosis in the arterial system, or aneurysms. Thanks to the ultrasound examination utilizing the Doppler effect, it is possible to detect even minor arterial and venous conditions. This test is currently the first and essential step for effective treatment of vascular diseases.


Compression Therapy

COMPRESSION THERAPY Compression therapy is one of the recognized methods for the prevention and treatment of chronic venous insufficiency, lymphatic edema, venous thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism. It involves the creation of external pressure, which is transferred to the blood vessels and tissues. For this purpose, elastic bandages or special graduated compression products (stockings, socks, and knee-highs) are used. Compression therapy is effective only when it exerts the appropriate pressure. Depending on the severity of the disease, pressure from 10 mm Hg to 50 mm Hg is applied. The pressure is used to reduce hypertension.